A rubric is a system of grading that consists of a criteria chart outlining exactly what is to be evaluated in a piece of work. A rubric is often used in the evaluation of actions, procedures, performances, or complex projects and assignments. A rubric includes a defining criteria, the levels of the quality of work done, and the points awarded based on each level of quality.
Application to All Courses
- When given to students prior to a project or assignment, a rubric is a good way to convey expectations.
- A group of students can use a rubric to peer evaluate projects or assignments.
- A rubric gives an educator a consistent and specific tool to measure complex student performances, projects, and assignments.
The following rubric is an example of a possible rubric for a writing assignment:
|CATEGORIES||1 Point||3 Points||5 Points|
|Presentation||No thesis statement or conclusion. Introduction and background is insignifcant. Thoughts are poorly presented. Writing and grammar is poor.||Has some form of thesis statment and conclusion. Introduction and background is somewhat significant to the thesis. Thoughts are fairly well presented. Uses adequate grammar.||Thesis statement and conclusion significantly relates to the question. Provides a clear introduction and background. Thoughts are well-structured and logical. Uses correct grammar.|
|Conceptual Understanding||Does not demonstrate understanding of the ideas and issues. Uses little or no information to support arguments.||Demonstrates partial understanding of ideas and issues. Uses a limited amount of information to support arguments.||Observations go above and beyond. Uses a broad range of information to support arguments.|
|Argument Structure||Provides unclear statements and observations. Does not relate thoughts to issues. Does not provide evidence to support conclusions.||Provides statements that relate thoughts and observations to the issues. Provides adequate evidence to support conclusions.||Provides strong, clear, convincing statments and observations. Provides relevant evidence and synthesizes evidence with ideas, observations, and original thoughts.|
|Resources and Documentation||Does not make use of available resources. Does not cite references.||Resources used are sufficient but not extensive or thorough.||Thorough and extensive use of resources.|
If you plan to create and use a rubric for grading in your LMS, follow the instructions below:
Here is an example thought process to follow when creating a rubric for an assessment:
- Determine the categories that you wish to assess based on the concepts that you are teaching. Ask yourself, “What are the essential learning objectives?”
- Choose the criteria that will be evaluated for each category.
- Write the evidence of what will be produced for each level of mastery.
- Assign a point value for each category.
- Place the information in a grid.
- Give the students the rubric in advance so that they are aware of what will be assessed.
- Compare student work with the rubric.
Articles–Journal and Academic
- Durfee, A.W. (2010). How rubrics help students learn. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 28.
- Howell, R.J. (2011). Exploring the impact of grading rubrics on academic performance: Findings from a quasi-experimental, pre-post evaluation. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 22 (2), 31-49.
- Popham, W.J. (1997). What’s Wrong–and What’s Right–with Rubrics. Educational Leadership, October.
- Reddy, Y.M., & Andrade, H. (2010). A review of rubric use in higher education. Assessment & Evaluations in Higher Education, 35(4), July, 435–448.
Articles–Blogs, Websites, Wikis
- Creating and Using Rubrics: University of Hawaii page about rubrics.
- Creating Rubrics: Considerations for creating effective rubrics: This California State University Long Beach College of Education page explains how to create a rubric.
- How to Develop a Rubric: An Ohio State University “Writing Across the Curriculum” resources page on creating rubrics.
- What are rubrics and why are they useful?: TeAchnology’s page about rubrics.
- Teacher Created Rubrics for Assessment: Examples of rubrics from the University of Wisconson-Stout.